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Adjust elements in list based on second list in Python

I have 2 Python lists: list_a and list_b

I would like to adjust list_b in the following way:

  1. If element i in list b is in list a, don't change element i in list_b.
  2. If element i in list b is NOT in list_a, and that element is not already the next number up from the max in list_a, then for the elements in list_b that are the same as element i, if the next group in order after list_a is not already taken by list_b, then replace each element that matches element i with that next group number. At the end, the "group" each element is in list_b should be the same as before, though the group number may have changed.

Note: list_a and list_b are not necessarily in order, but that the ordered set of list_a's elements will always start at 0 and end at the number of unique elements in list_a, minus 1. However, list_b's elements can be in any order and skip numbers, although the minimum value for list_b is 0. Any number in either list can be repeated several times.

This may be a little confusing, so a couple examples:

Example 1:

list_a = [2,1,0,1,2,2]
list_b = [3,0,6,1,6,3,3]

In the example above, I would want list_b to be replaced with

list_b_new = [3,0,4,1,4,3,3]

Explanation: All of the elements except for elements 0,2,4,5,6 could be found in list_a, so the only potential change is there. Since the 3's are already one number up from the max in list_a, we don't need to change those. However, we want to change the 6's to 4's because that is the next number up from the maximum number in list_a that isn't already used by list_b.

Example 2:

list_a = [4,0,0,1,2,2,3]
list_b = [8]
list_b_new = [5]

Explanation: List b only has one number, and that number is not found in list_a, so we replace it with the next number up from the maximum in list_a, which is 5.

Example 3:

list_a = [5,0,3,1,2,2,4]
list_b = [0,5,9,8,8,9]
list_b_new = [0,5,7,6,6,7]

Explanation: Here, we find that there are two "groups" of elements that are not in list_a: all elements with an 8 and all elements with a 9. All elements in list_b with an 8 should be replaced with a 6 since that is the next number up from the max in list_a. All elements in list_b with a 9 should be replaced with a 7 since that is the next number up from list_a that hasn't been used (we already used up 6 when we replaced the 8's with 6's).


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1 Answer

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Try this-

list_a = [5,0,3,1,2,2,4]
list_b = [0,5,9,8,8,9]

def update_list(l1, l2):
    max_a = max(l1) + 1
    l3 = []
    map_dict = dict()
    for i in set(l2):
        if i in l1:
            map_dict[i] = i
        else:
            map_dict[i] = max_a
            max_a += 1
    for i in l2:
        l3.append(map_dict[i])
    return l3

print(update_list(list_a, list_b))

Output-

[0, 5, 6, 7, 7, 6]

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